Ordering Bodies: Hilary Matfess – Yale University – The Relationship Between Women’s Participation in Rebellion and Sexual Violence in War
In this article, I articulate and test a new theory about the relationship between womenâs participation in rebel groups and rebelsâ patterns of sexual violence. I assert that women in armed groups are associated with a greater likelihood of sexual violence, a wider repertoire of sexual violence, and a more widespread practice of sexual violence. I assert that this relationship is driven by the presence of women within rebel groups incentivizing the establishment of Â âregulatory sexual violenceâ (meaning policies and practices developed by armed groups in order to establish and maintain wartime hierarchies) and the socialization of women into practicing and supporting sexual violence in order to maintain or advance their position within rebel groups. Unlike previous studies, this theory and quantitative assessment considers womenâs participation in non-combat positions and the forms and prevalence of the rebelsâ practice of sexual violence.Â
I test the predictions generated by this theory on a new dataset regarding womenâs participation in non-combat positions in rebel groups, the Womenâs Work in War dataset, or W3. This cross-national quantiative analysis validates this theory of wartime sexual violence, finding that womenâs participation in both combat and non-combat positions increases the likelihood that rebels engage in any sexual violence, heigthens the prevalence of this violence, and contributes to a wider repertoire of forms of sexual violence the rebels engage in. These findings are robust to the inclusion of measures of conflict duration, rebel ideology, womenâs pre-conflict status, and whether the rebels practiced forced recruitment.
Speaker bio:Â Â Hilary Matfess is aÂ PhD candidate in Yale University’s Political Science Department and a 2020-2021 United States Institute for Peace (USIP) Peace Scholar Fellow. I also work as a Senior Research Associate at the Center for Global Impact.
In 2015, she graduated with an MA in International Economics and African Studies from Johns Hopkins SAIS.Â Her research is at the intersection of security, gender, and governance, with a focus on sub-Saharan Africa. She has conducted field work in Tanzania, Rwanda, Nigeria, Uganda, and Ethiopia. Her work has been published in International Security, Security Studies, Stability, Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, and African Studies Review. She has previously worked as a research analyst for the Armed Conflict Location and Event Data Project (ACLED), the National Defense University, and the Institute for Defense Analyses. As a freelance journalist, sheÂ has been published by Newsweek, IRIN, and Foreign Affairs, among others. Her first book, Women and the War on Boko Haram, was published in 2017 with Zed Publishers.Â
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