While the effects of interstate conflicts on state making have been thoroughly investigated, the implications of civil warfare for state consolidation have received comparatively less attention. We bridge this gap, arguing that some types of civil wars advance state making while others contribute to state unmaking. More precisely, we contend that the technology of rebellion is crucial to post-conflict consolidation. Building on work by Kalyvas and Balcells (2010), we find that internal conflicts where conventional technologies are deployed by the state and the rebels yield expanded state capacity. Conversely, where states and rebels employ less sophisticated technologies, negative consequences for state capacity may ensue. The analysis bridges two strands of the literature that rarely speak to each other: the war making — state making literature and the civil war literature.
Dr Adrian Florea (PhD Indiana University) is Lecturer in International Relations in the School of Social and Political Sciences at the University of Glasgow. His research interests focus on civil war, political violence, rebel governance, and secessionism. Dr Florea’s most recent work has been published in International Studies Quarterly, Security Studies, and Political Studies.